20 years ago, the UN played an important role in calling attention to the dangers to human and nonhuman life if the myth of endless economic growth continues to dominate economic policies and if irresponsible consumerism is not curbed. The planet is finite, the vital cycles for replenishment of natural resources are being destroyed, and nature will inevitably “take revenge” in climate changes soon to become irreversible. This will affect the poorest people most, thus exacerbating already intolerable social injustice. States seemed to heed the warnings, and many promises were made in conventions and protocols. Multinational corporations, those major agents of environmental deterioration, seemed to be on guard.
Unfortunately, this moment of reflection and hope soon disappeared. The USA, then the main polluter and today the main per capita polluter, refused to assume any binding commitment toward reducing the emissions that cause global warming. Instead of decreasing, emissions increased